Ku protein. Abstract. Ku is an ubiquitous nuclear heterodimeric protein consis...

Apr 5, 1993 · Ku, also known as nuclear Factor IV, i

Jun 18, 2023 · Nature子刊:中山大学松阳洲团队发现DNA损伤修复通路的新选择. DNA双链断裂 (DNA double-strand break,DSB)是一种常见且高度有害的DNA损伤形式,严重威胁着基因组稳定性和细胞存活。. DSB修复缺陷或失调与肿瘤、衰老以及免疫缺陷等密切相关。. 非同源末端连接(Non ...Jul 26, 2019 · Ku protein is well-known to work as a scaffold that recruits other repair factors of nonhomologous end joining and facilitates the following repair process. Interestingly, recent work from Roberts et al. stated Ku as an effective 5′-dRP/AP lyase. Then, there may be a possibility that Ku70 could directly promote BER efficiency partly through ...1 day ago · Small cell protein, a mitotic inhibitor kinase. XIAP. Inhibitor of apoptosis, x-linked. YAP. Yes-associated protein 1. Zap-70. z-chain-associated protein kinase. 修订时间 2007 年 5 月. 蛋白、信号通路和抗体首字母缩写按字母排序,由 Cell Signaling Technology 组织完成。.Scale-bar corresponds to 10 μm. (F) Normalized histograms for the number of Ku AF647 protein dimers bound to λ-DNA (4 μM) at a protein concentration of 33 nM (purple) and a 50 bp blunt-ended DNA substrate (10 nM) in the presence of 120 nM Ku AF647 (green). The histograms were constructed from the number of homodimers at different loci on DNA ...The Ku autoantigen is a heterodimer of 70 (p70) and approximately 80 kDa (p80) subunits that is the DNA-binding component of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) complex involved in DNA ...Ku (Ku70/Ku80) is a DNA-binding protein involved in DNA repair, playing a fundamental role for the repair of double-stranded DNA breaks through the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathway [4], [5]. The Ku complex can be responsible for a very strong autoimmune answer in autoimmune disease and anti-Ku antibodies may have significant impact on ...Ku80, a subunit of the Ku protein complex, is an initiator of the non-homologous, end-joining (NHEJ), double-strand breaks (DSBs) repair pathway. The nuclear Ku80 was cleaved in a calcium concentration-dependent manner by m-calpain but not by m-calpain. The cleavage of nuclear Ku80 at its α/β domain was validated by Western blotting analysis ...The University of Kansas Health System, affiliated with KU's School of Medicine, has more than 140 hospital and clinic locations, including its main hospital in Kansas City, Kansas.The Ku protein is an autoantigen that consists of 70- and 80-kDa polypeptides. It associates with double-stranded DNA at free ends. In the present study, we examined the ability of anti-Ku antibodies to immunoprecipitate various structures from extracts of HeLa cells prepared at different salt concentrations. Under physiological conditions ...Ku protein binds to DNA ends and is a cofactor for the DNA-dependent protein kinase. Both of these components are involved in DNA double-strand break repair, but it has not been clear if they function indirectly, by sensing DNA damage and activating other factors, or if they are more directly involved in the processing and rejoining of DNA breaks.The Ku heterodimer (Ku70 and Ku80 subunits) contributes to genomic integrity through its ability to bind DNA double-strand breaks and facilitate repair by the non-homologous end-joining pathway. The crystal structure of the human Ku heterodimer was determined both alone and bound to a 55-nucleotide …Ku is a heterodimeric protein composed of two subunits (Ku70 and Ku80) originally identified by researchers as autoantigens associated with several autoimmune diseases including scleroderma, polymyositis, and systemic lupus erythematosus (1). Ku is an abundant, ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein that binds to and stabilizes the ends of DNA ...Ku protein and the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) are essential components of the double-strand break repair machinery in higher eukaryotic cells. Ku protein binds to broken DNA ends and recruits DNA-PKcs to form an enzymatically active complex. To characterize the arrange …7 Jun 2023 ... Abstract. Non-homologous end-joining DNA repair is essential for the survival and sustenance of M. tuberculosis (Mtb) in the dormant stage ...Ku is the first protein of the NHEJ repair complex to recognize and bind broken DNA ends, binding within 10 s of a DSB forming [ 180 ]. Ku threads onto both …derived from scid mice [22] as well as Ku deficient mice [2, 20]. Ku protein is involved in the same repair pathway affected in scid mice (see below). Since telomere length is maintained within a specific range in each species, the mechanisms for telomere length regulation must have evolved to maintain this homeostasis. Proteins that bind telom­Ku protein complex, formed by Ku70 and Ku80, is necessary during non-homologous end joining (NHEJ)-mediated DNA repair, in order to prevent extensive DNA damage. Mice deficient in Ku70, Ku80 or both exhibit early aging phenotypes and have a lifespan of ~37 weeks [ 104 ].We have shown that the Ku protein, an autoantigen, or an inhibitor associated with this protein can suppress RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcription of the rat ribosomal RNA gene when the cells are starved for serum , although Ku is a positively acting Pol I transcription factor under normal growth conditions (23, 24). The present study was ...The Ku autoantigen is a human nuclear, DNA-binding heterodimer of 70kDa and 86kDa proteins. It is the target of autoantibodies in several autoimmune diseases. We now report the expression of a cDNA encoding the 70kDa Ku protein. Large amounts of protein were obtained using a recombinant baculovirus …Regarding Ku protein degradation, neddylation at DSB sites promotes the ubiquitination of Ku after DNA damage . The ubiquitin–proteasome pathway is the main intracellular and non-lysosomal protein degradation system and regulates several cellular processes including gene expression control and cell cycle progression [ 33 ].Ku proteins, in contrast, followed a pattern of trapping similar to that for Polβ: MMS failed to produce Ku-DPC, while treatment with CuOP or (less effectively) H 2 O 2 gave rise to significant Ku-DPC. Unexpectedly, NEIL1 and NEIL3 were trapped following H 2 O 2 treatment, but not detectably in cells exposed to CuOP. The half-life of all the ...The DNA repair protein Ku (a heterodimer of Ku70 and Ku80 subunits) associates with mammalian telomeres and contributes to telomere maintenance. Here, we analyzed the physical association of Ku with human telomerase both in vivo and in vitro. Antibodies specific to human Ku proteins precipitated human telomerase in extracts from tumor cells, as ...DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are considered most hazardous for the organism and are generally repaired by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ), where Ku protein acts as the sensor and binds to specific protein kinases, leading to the joining of the broken strands [120].Recombinant Ku protein, purified as heterodimer from co-infected insect cells, is able to partially rescue the barrier activity in Ku-depleted HeLa cell extracts. These data demonstrate that transcription termination factor I and Ku act synergistically to prevent head-on collision between the replication and the transcription machinery.The eukaryotic Ku protein has key roles in DNA repair and in certain transposition events. Here we show that the Gam protein of phage Mu is conserved in bacteria, has sequence homology with both subunits of Ku, and has the potential to adopt a similar architecture to the core DNA-binding region of Ku. Through biochemical studies, we demonstrate ...Ku, The LigD Activator. In order for LigD to participate in NHEJ, it requires its binding partner, Ku. The prokaryotic Ku protein is a homodimer of approximately 30-40 kDa, consisting of a core domain conserved with the eukaryotic Ku homolog, and a C-terminus unique to bacteria (McGovern et al., 2016).The C-terminus of Ku can be further subdivided into a minimal and an extended region.KU80 was one of the first radiosensitivity genes discovered from such studies (Taccioli et al., 1994 ). Its function is to protect the ends of DNA from further degradation and, importantly, to recruit the protein kinase DNA-PKcs (DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (officially known as PRKDC)). Through protein-protein contacts eventually reinforced by protein-DNA interactions, the Ku-DNA hub attracts a series of specialized proteins with scaffolding and/or enzymatic properties. To shed light on these dynamic interplays, we review here current knowledge on proteins directly interacting with Ku and on the contact points involved, with a ...Non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) is a double strand break (DSB) repair pathway which does not require any homologous template and can ligate two DNA ends together. The basic bacterial NHEJ machinery involves two partners: the Ku protein, a DNA end binding protein for DSB recognition and the multifunctional LigD protein composed a ligase, a nuclease and a polymerase domain, for end processing ...Sep 2, 2021 · The effect of MCL1 on DSBs goes beyond its effects on DDR protein foci accumulation. MCL1 binds and inhibits Ku, an essential NHEJ protein that stabilizes the DNA ends to promote ligation 54 (Fig ... DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is a complex comprising the heterodimeric Ku protein, which consists of subunits of 70 and 80 kDa (Ku70 and Ku80), and a large catalytic subunit, DNA-PKcs ( 7, 14 ). Ku has non-sequence-specific double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) end-binding activity and, when DNA bound, can interact with DNA-PKcs, enhancing its ...Ku protein, a heterodimer of 70 and 83 kDa polypeptides, is the regulatory component of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK). Ku protein binds to DNA ends and is essential for DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. Although there is some evidence that Ku protein also binds RNA, its RNA binding properties have not been systematically explored.Unlike Escherichia coli, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mt) expresses a Ku-like protein and an ATP-dependent DNA ligase that can perform non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). We have expressed the Mt-Ku and Mt-Ligase D in E. coli using an arabinose-inducible promoter and expression vectors that integrate into specific sites in the E. coli chromosome.E. coli strains have been generated that express ...DNA-PK, a serine/threonine protein kinase complex composed of a heterodimer of Ku proteins (Ku70/Ku80) and the catalytic subunit DNA-PKcs, is a critical component of the response to damage; as such, it is not surprising that DNA-PK correlates with decreased response to DNA damaging agents and therapeutic resistance in multiple cancers [3-6].Aug 9, 2001 · The fact that Ku forms a ring to encircle duplex DNA explains why Ku requires DNA ends for high-affinity binding (Figs 1 and 2).Unlike the uniform, symmetrical protein rings observed in ... The Ku heterodimer provides DNA-binding and regulatory functions to DNA-dependent protein kinase which is a central enzyme for DNA recombination processes in eucaryotic cells. The Ku protein plays important roles in multiple nuclear processes including DNA repair, V(D)J recombination, telomere maintenance, and the regulation of specific gene ...If your protein is not pure, you can check on an SDS PAGE (use silver stain if you are not sure about small contaminants) and estimate your enzyme fraction quantitatively (75%, 80%, 90%, whatever).May 14, 1999 · The Ku protein binds to DNA ends and other types of discontinuity in double-stranded DNA. It is a tightly associated heterodimer of approximately 70 kDa and approximately 80 kDa subunits that together with the approximately 470 kDa catalytic subunit, DNA-PKcs, form the DNA-dependent protein kinase. … KU Racial Equity Research, Scholarship + Creative Activity Awards ... The mission of the Protein Structure & X-Ray Crystallography Laboratory is to provide investigators with state-of-the-art instrumentation, facilities, and expertise for protein crystallization, X-ray data collection, data analysis, and structure solution and refinement from ...Services Offered: Protein construct design, expression and purification for crystallization (gene-to-structure) Protein crystallization (only 12 mL of protein needed per 96-well screen) High throughput methods using robotics for crystallization and crystal imaging. Screening of protein ligand, inhibitor complexes and protein:protein complexes. Ku protein, a heterodimer of 70 and 83 kDa polypeptides, is the regulatory component of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK). Ku protein binds to DNA ends and is essential for DNA double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination.Ku binds to free double-stranded DNA ends and is the DNA-binding component of the DNA-dependent protein kinase. Thus, the Ku protein is involved in DNA repair and in V(D)J recombination, and these ...Ku is a conserved DNA end-binding protein that plays various roles at different kinds of DNA ends. At telomeres, Ku is part of the structure that protects the chromosome end, whereas at broken DNA ends, Ku promotes DNA repair as part of the nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathway.In this study, recombinant Pichia pastoris was constructed for malic acid production from sole methanol through rational redistribution of metabolic flux. Different malic acid accumulation modules were systematically evaluated and optimized in P. pastoris. The recombinant PP-CM301 could produce 8.55 g/L malic acid from glucose, …Through protein-protein contacts eventually reinforced by protein-DNA interactions, the Ku-DNA hub attracts a series of specialized proteins with scaffolding and/or enzymatic properties.Oxidative stress induces DNA damage which can be repaired by DNA repair proteins, such as Ku70/80. Excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) stimulate the activation of caspase-3, which degrades Ku 70/80. Cells with decreased Ku protein levels undergo apoptosis. Astaxanthin exerts antioxidant activity by inducing the expression of catalase, an antioxidant enzyme, in gastric epithelial cells ...DNA repair protein Ku, which is known to play a major role in cellular resistance to radiation, was significantly increased in glucose deprived cancer cells that showed enhanced radiation resistance. These results have demonstrated, for the first time, that glucose deprivation mediated stress increased the expression of nuclear Ku and ...An interaction between Ku70 and Hdm2 was shown by means of immunoprecipitation, whereas none could be shown between 80 kDa subunit of Ku protein heterodimer and Hdm2. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to inhibit endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis through an Akt-mediated survival kinase signal; however, the mechanism underlying ...The PRKDC gene encodes the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) protein. DNA-PKcs plays an important role in nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and is also closely related to the establishment of central immune tolerance and the maintenance of chromosome stability. The occurrence and development of different types of tumors and the results ...The human Werner syndrome protein, WRN, is a member of the RecQ helicase family and contains 3′→5′ helicase and 3′→5′ exonuclease activities. Recently, we showed that the exonuclease activity of WRN is greatly stimulated by the human Ku heterodimer protein. We have now mapped this interaction physically and functionally.In addition to directly binding telomeric DNA, human Ku also interacts with protein components of the shelterin complex - TRF1, TRF2 and Rap1 53,54,55,56,57. Thus, Ku's DEB activity may also be ...The high affinity DNA binding factor (HDF) protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is composed of two subunits and specifically binds ends of double-stranded DNA. The 70-kDa subunit, HDF1, shows significant homology with the 70-kDa subunit of the human Ku protein. Like the Ku protein, HDF1 has been shown to be involved in recombination and …Ku is a dimeric protein complex that binds to DNA double-strand break ends and is required for the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway of DNA repair. Ku is evolutionarily conserved from bacteria to humans. The ancestral bacterial Ku is a homodimer (two copies of the same protein bound to each … See moreThe Ku protein is a heterodimer composed of 70-kDa (Ku70) and 80-kDa (Ku80) subunits and has the capability of binding selectively to specific forms of DNA [25,26]. In this capacity, it functions as the regulator of DNA-PK that is active in transcription, DNA recombination, and DNA repair [ 27 - 29 ].While Ku in eukaryotes is often a multi-domain protein functioning in DNA repair of physiological and pathological DNA double-stranded breaks, Ku in prokaryotes is a single-domain protein ...Introduction. Ku protein is an important component of the nonhomologous end‐joining (NHEJ) pathway of DNA double‐strand break repair, and it is ubiquitous among eukaryotes. 1-5 Some bacterial species encode a homolog of Ku, and bacterial Ku proteins function along with a dedicated ligase to repair DNA double‐strand breaks and protect against genome rearrangements (for review, see Ref. 6).. Proteins are made up of amino acids. All proteAnti-Ku antibodies are reported in various co KU Racial Equity Research, Scholarship + Creative Activity Awards ... The mission of the Protein Structure & X-Ray Crystallography Laboratory is to provide investigators with state-of-the-art instrumentation, facilities, and expertise for protein crystallization, X-ray data collection, data analysis, and structure solution and refinement from ...Then 20 ng Ku protein was added for 10 min at 4°C in 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 1 mM MgCl 2, 45 mM potassium acetate, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.25 mM dithiothreitol, 5% glycerol. Then radiolabeled DNA (0.2 pmol) was added for a further incubation 20 min at 20°C in 10 μl final volume of the same buffer. The samples were electrophoresed on a 5% ... Oct 15, 2023 · The protein encoded by thi multifunctional ATP-dependent Ligase-D and Ku protein that collectively protect, process, and ligate DNA ends (13,14). Other bacteria, such as70 the prevalent gut . 71. commensal . Escherichia coli. where Ligase-D-like and Ku-like proteins have not been . 72. found are generally accepted to be NHEJ-free (12) and rely only on HR to repair . 73 ... Ku is capable of binding to hairpin structures, singl...

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